Vedas are accused of being Brahminical texts designed to subdue the Shudras.
The word sanskrita, meaning "refined" or "purified," is the antonym of prakrita, meaning "natural," or "vulgar. Jawaharlal Nehru has said that Sanskrit is a language amazingly rich, efflorescent, full of luxuriant growth of all kinds, and yet precise and strictly keeping within the framework of grammar which Panini laid down two thousand years ago.
It spread out, added to its richness, became fuller and more ornate, but always it stuck to its original roots. The ancient Indians attached a great deal of importance to sound, and hence their writing, poetry or prose, had a rhythmic and musical quality.
Our modern languages of India are children of Sanskrit, and to it owe most of their vocabulary and their forms of expressions.
Sanskrit meaning "cultured or refined"the classical language of Hinduism, is the oldest and the most systematic language in the world. The vastness and the versatility, and power of expression can be appreciated by the fact that this language has 65 words to describe various forms of earth, 67 words for water, and over words to describe rainfall.
The Sanskrit grammarians wished to construct a perfect language, which would belong to no one and thus belong to all, which would not develop but remain an ideal instrument of communication and culture for all peoples and all time. Sanskrit was a complete success and became the language of all cultured people in India and in countries under Indian influence.
All scientific, philosophical, historical works were henceforth written in Sanskrit, and important texts existing in other languages were translated and adapted into Sanskrit. For this reason, very few ancient literary, religious, or philosophical documents exits in India in other languages.
The sheer volume of Sanskrit literature is immense, and it remains largely unexplored. He pioneered Sanskrit studies. His admiration for Indian thought and culture was almost limitless.
He observed as long ago as Hindu literature is so vast, that he said: Alain Danielou son of French aristocracy, author of numerous books on philosophy, religion, history and arts of India and perhaps the first European to boldly proclaim his Hinduness.
He settled in India for fifteen years in the study of Sanskrit. Grammarians and semanticists of genius undertook to create a perfect language, artificial and permanent, belonging to no one, that was to become the language of the entire culture.
Sanskrit is built on a basis of Vedic and the Prakrits, but has a much more complex grammar, established according to a rigorous logic. It has an immense vocabulary and a very adaptable grammar, so that words can be grouped together to express any nuance of an idea, and verb forms can be found to cover any possibility of tense, such as future intentional in the past, present continuing into the future, and so on.
Furthermore, Sanskrit possesses a wealth of abstract nouns, technical and philosophical terms unknown in any other language. Modern Indian scholars of Sanskrit culture have often remarked that many of the new concepts of nuclear physics or modern psychology are easy for them to grasp, since they correspond exactly to familiar notions of Sanskrit terminology.
He has noted in his book, The Case for India: In Search of The Cradle of Civilization: In the opinion of Friedrich Max Muller "Sanskrit is to the science of language what mathematics is to astronomy. He made a lengthy and learned introduction to his monumental work: In his book Hinduism, on page 13, he says:The “economic” arguments are just justifications: this is about color and race, secondly about culture (whatever that is, separate from color and race).
From onwards, the Satyashodhak Samaj movement defined the Marathas as a broader social category of non-Brahmin groups. These non-Brahmins gained prominence in Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement.
Their disproportionate participation in communism, Marxism, and socialism. Marxism is an exemplar of a universalist ideology in which ethnic and nationalist barriers within the society and indeed between societies are eventually removed in the interests of social harmony and a sense of communal interest.
Notes and References 1 Tribe (Lat., tribus: the tripartite division of Romans into Latins, Sabines, and Etruscans), a social group bound by common ancestry and ties of consanguinity and affinity; a common language and territory; and characterized by a political and economic organization intermediate between small, family-based bands, .
In South India, the non-Brahmin movement was called as the Self-respect movement.
Most of the Brahmins in Tamil Nadu were literate and so they were able to adapt to the British culture soon. This caused a difference in between the Brahmin class and the non-Brahman classes/5(10).
The state of Tamil Nadu was the epicenter of an anti-Brahmin movement [The Self-Respect Movement] against the Brahmin domination in the s.
Once again, the movement and its intentions were good, but the way it turned out meant that a lot of Tamil Brahmin families shunted out from Tamil Nadu.