Threat Be it at school, office, the neighborhood or the community people live in, conflicting situations amongst various groups might arise on an almost day to day basis. Today, the prevalence of these intergroup conflicts is on the rise and has resulted in minor disagreements amongst friends to waging full scale wars between countries. Social psychology research has always maintained that individuals often identify themselves with the social group they belong to and will bond together to defend their identity at all cost. Now, a new study published in the latest issue of Psychological Sciencea journal of the Association for Psychological Scienceexplains how motivation drives certain groups to behave in a particular manner.
Tajfel proposed that the groups e. Groups give us a sense of social identity: In order to increase our self-image we enhance the status of the group to which we belong. For example, England is the best country in the world!
For example, the Americans, French etc. This is known as in-group us and out-group them. Social identity theory states that the in-group will discriminate against the out-group to enhance their self-image. The central hypothesis of social identity theory is that group members of an in-group will seek to find negative aspects of an out-group, thus enhancing their self-image.
Prejudiced views between cultures may result in racism; in its extreme forms, racism may result in genocide, such as occurred in Germany with the Jews, in Rwanda between the Hutus and Tutsis and, more recently, in the former Yugoslavia between the Bosnians and Serbs.
Henri Tajfel proposed that stereotyping i. In doing so we tend to exaggerate: We categorize people in the same way. We see the group to which we belong the in-group as being different from the others the out-groupand members of the same group as being more similar than they are. Social categorization is one explanation for prejudice attitudes i.
Examples of In-groups — Out-groups o Northern Ireland: Hutus and Tutsis o Yugoslavia: Jews and the Nazis o Politics: Labor and the Conservatives o Football: Liverpool and Man Utd o Gender: Males and Females o Social Class: These take place in a particular order.
The first is categorization. We categorize objects in order to understand them and identify them. In a very similar way we categorize people including ourselves in order to understand the social environment.Summary: Social identity theory proposes that a person’s sense of who they are depends on the groups to which they belong.
Originators and Key Contributors: Social identity theory originated from British social psychologists Henri Tajfel and John Turner in The powerful insights of realistic group conflict theory were elaborated on by social identity theory, which emerged in the ’s and became by the ’s the most important theory of intergroup relations in .
Social identity theory argues that this depends upon two factors. The first is permeability. If we believe that we can still progress in society despite our group membership (i.e., group boundaries are permeable) we will try to distance ourselves from the group and be seen as an individual.
Security professionals must accept the fact that conflict is a normal part of their professional and personal lives. Far from being an unnatural phenomenon that must be either avoided at all costs or waged with the goal of absolute destruction, conflict can be beneficial.
The Social Identity Theory of Intergroup Behavior • ior with the contextual social processes of inter group conflict and their psychological effects has not been in the focus ofthe social psychologist's preoccupations (see Tajfel, , pp.
,and. Social psychology research has always maintained that individuals often identify themselves with the social group they belong to and will bond together to defend their identity at all cost. Now, a new study published in the latest issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, explains how .