Every item on an IQ test is a sampling. Think about that for a minute, and the implications of multiple sampling. Antistotle September 27, at
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People with ASD use a variety of communication modes including speech, facial expressions, conventional gestures e. Because a wide range of communication approaches is used—often in combination—clinical decisions about unaided and aided augmentative and alternative communication AAC techniques should be made on an individual basis using the principles of evidence-based practice i.
These guidelines and other ASHA policy documents are now a part of a continuing education program see sidebar below. These policy documents can help clinicians navigate the case studies presented below and assist with their own decisions about assessment and intervention tools and strategies.
The three case studies demonstrate various options in AAC intervention that can be used by children of different ages.
Excitement and Joy Through Pictures and Speech by Sylvia Diehl Anderson is a 3-year-old boy with ASD who was referred to a university speech and hearing center by a local school district.
He attended a morning preschool at the university center for one year in addition to his school placement. History Birth and Development Anderson was a full-term baby delivered with no complications. At age 3 he was described as low tone with awkward motor skills and inconsistent imitation skills.
His communication development was delayed; he began using vocalizations at 3 months of age but had developed no words by 3 years.
Communication Profile at Baseline Anderson communicated through nonverbal means and used communication solely for behavioral regulation. He knew about 10 approximate signs when asked to label, but these were not used in a communicative fashion.
Protests were demonstrated most often through pushing hands. Anderson played functionally with toys when seated and used eye gaze appropriately during cause-and-effect play, but otherwise eye gaze was absent.
He often appeared to be non-engaged and responded inconsistently to his name. This norm-referenced instrument for children 6—24 months old is characterized by outstanding psychometric data i.
Although Anderson was 36 months old, this tool was chosen because it provides salient information about social communication development for children from 6 months to 6 years old. Because Anderson could not meet his needs through verbal communication, AAC was considered.
He had been taught some signs but did not use them communicatively. More importantly, his motor imitation skills were so poor that it was difficult to differentiate his signs.
Additionally, a visual schedule was used at home and school to aid in transitions and to increase his symbolization. Incidental teaching methods including choices and incomplete activities were embedded in home and preschool routines.
In addition, a variety of joint activity routines e. These were infused throughout his day in various settings and with various people. Picture representations of these play routines also were represented in his PECS book.
Outcomes By the end of the year, a video taken at preschool showed that Anderson was spontaneously using PECS for requests and protests.Article after article, case study after case study all talk about the signs and symptoms of pragmatic language impairments (PLI) in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD).
They talk about how to test for PLI and intervention techniques that can prove to be beneficial for the child. About. It is an international educational activity for academics, teachers and educators. This conference is now a well known educational event and the number of .
The ADI-R is administered to the child's parents or caregiver (Rutter, Couteur, & Lord, ). In this case, it might be best for both Anthony and Jeannie to be present for this.
The test is a semistructured interview, meaning that questions are meant to be answered as concise as possible. This case is of an 8-year-old boy, Steven. Steven has been diagnosed by a Pediatrician as having an Autistic Spectrum Disorder because of the severity of his needs In terms of communication and reciprocal social Interaction.
There are some truths that I strive to preach, for lack of a better word, in today's information-culture wars propagated in our corrupt mainstream media. 🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes.