Bauhaus history of design

Tweet This Share This Bauhaus design was revolutionary for its day.

Bauhaus history of design

Visit Website Gropius remained as director for nine years and steered the Bauhaus school into developing a cohesive style, though that was not his original intention.

Gropius designed the Bauhaus Building and several other buildings for the new campus.

Fine art became a major offering at the school in with a free painting class offered by Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky. Instruction focused less on function like so many Bauhaus offerings and more on abstraction. Expressionism and Futurism would have a noticeable influence on the art produced in the school alongside its specific style of geometric design that at times resembled Cubism.

His tenure at Bauhaus saw him create works that are lauded for their poetry and humor, as with his painting, Dance, Monster, to My Soft Song! Klee left the Bauhaus in and died in Wassily Kandinsky Painter Wassily Kandinsky began teaching in Turning his back on representational art, Kandinsky embraced what he saw as the spiritual qualities of color and form.

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Kandinsky remained with the school until its closing. Moholy-Nagy was known for darkroom experimentation, utilizing photograms and exploring light to create abstract elements through distortion, shadow and skewed lines, similar to the works of Man Ray though conceived separately from them.

Oskar Schlemmer Oskar Schlemmer taught at the school from tospecializing in design, sculpture and murals, but preferring to pursue theater. Schlemmer was known for focusing all his disciplines on the human body. Joseph Albers Joseph Albers is best known during his time in the Bauhaus school for his glass pictures inwhich utilized glass fragments.

Bauhaus history of design

His process consisted of sandblasting the glass, painting it in thin layers and baking in a kiln to create a glowing surface. His most famous work of the Bauhaus era is a glass painting fromCity.

Albers was appointed to the teaching staff in before he had even completed his courses at the school. He began in the glass painting workshop and taught furniture design, drawing and lettering.

His wife Annie Albers studied weaving at the Bauhaus, a choice due to her frailty caused by Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Often mentioned as the most important textile artist of the 20th century, her efforts entered the realm of abstract art with her wall hangings—she even created new textiles.

Bauhaus history of design

Other notable students include Marcel Breuer, who designed the Whitney Museum; Wilhelm Wagenfeld, a designer renowned for his household products; Master potter Otto Lindig; and furniture designer Erich Dieckmann.

Mies van der Rohe InSwiss architect Hannes Mayer took over from Gropius, but his tenure was a troubled one, with student-teacher ratios becoming a big problem for the school and various disputes with Communist students and anti-Communist faculty members.

He was dismissed in Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was considered the top architect in Germany when he was tapped by Gropius to take over as school director that same year.

The Bauhaus : Design Is History

But the National Socialists continued to harass the school, attacking what the Nazis perceived as a Soviet Communist ideology and demanding that Nazi sympathizers replace select faculty members. Following this decision, Mies van der Rohe, Gropius, the Albers and many others within the Bauhaus school fled to the United States, where they continued to have a profound and lasting influence on 20th-century art and design.Staatliches Bauhaus (German: [ˈʃtaːtlɪçəs ˈbaʊˌhaʊs]), commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a German art school operational from to that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicised and taught.

The Bauhaus was founded in in the city of Weimar by German architect Walter Gropius (–). Its core objective was a radical concept: to reimagine the material world to reflect the unity of all the arts.

The Bauhaus was the first model of the modern art school. The Bauhaus curriculum combined theoretic education and practical training in the educational workshops. It drew inspiration from the ideals of the revolutionary art movements and design experiments of the early 20th century.

The typeface ITC Bauhaus is a design from by Ed Benguiat and Victor Caruso inspired by the ideas of Bayer, Schmidt et al, but it is not a revival of any Bauhaus design. Footnotes 1. Watch video · This installment of Foundations of Graphic Design History explores one of the most influential modern design movements of all time: Bauhaus.

ADDITIONAL MEDIA Credits The Bauhaus The Bauhaus was a school whose approach to design and the combination of fine art and arts and crafts proved to be a major influence on the development of graphic design as well as much of 20th century modern art.

Its revolutionary concepts—centered on simplicity, quality, truth in materials, and form that follows function—influence almost every design today. The State Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius as a school of arts in Weimar in As the Bauhaus was a combination of crafts and arts, its nature and concept was regarded as something completely new back then.

Today, the historical Bauhaus is the most influential educational establishment in the fields of architecture, art and design.

Bauhaus - Wikipedia