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Test Your Asian IQ Although one's identity may seem to be a very personal and individual decision, as we shall examine, there can be many historical, socioeconomic, and sociological factors that can directly or indirectly influence this decision.
Just as there is a wide range of experiences and circumstances within the Asian American population, so too can there be many different, overlapping, and simultaneous forms of ethnic identity among Asian Americans.
The Fundamentals of Ethnic Identity Scholars from many different academic disciplines have generally categorized ethnic identity formation along two main theoretical frameworks: While these two categories ultimately represent a simplistic dichotomy to characterize processes of ethnic identity formation, they are still Asian experiences and immigration to america useful in framing our analysis of ethnic identity.
The primordial also known as "essentialist" perspective argues that people have an innate sense of ethnic identity -- it is something that people are born with, is instinctive and natural, and is difficult if not impossible to change.
This is illustrated by the natural instinct to favor one's kin or co-ethnics over non-kin and non-ethnics. On the other hand, the situational perspective also known as the "constructionist" or "instrumentalist" states that ethnic identities are socially defined phenomena. That is, the meaning and boundaries of ethnic identity are constantly being renegotiated, revised, and redefined, depending on specific situations and set of circumstances that each individual or ethnic group encounters.
Within the situational perspective, there are several sub-theories about how ethnic identity is formed and reformed, shaped and reshaped. For example, sociologists argue that ethnic identity can resurgent or emergent. Resurgent ethnic identity is the idea that traditional or ancestral identities can reemerge through historical events and particular circumstances.
Many Japanese American adults who were imprisoned during WWII initially discarded their identity after the end of war, to avoid any association, shame, or embarrassment with being imprisoned.
However, after movement to demand compensation and redress for this injustice developed in the s, many felt a newly resurgent sense of being Japanese American as they united to fight for an official apology and reparations from the federal government.
Also, many Japanese American children who were born after the end of the war felt a resurgent sense of Japanese American identity after learning about their parents' imprisonment experiences and identifying with their history of perseverance and strength.
This idea about resurgent ethnic identity is sometimes represented by the famous quote "What the father wishes to forget, the child wishes to remember.
More specifically, because of demographic changes or competition and conflict with other groups, a new ethnic identity based on group solidarity and similarity of experiences might form. Some argue that the identity of "Asian American" is a perfect example of an emergent ethnic identity.
That is, prior to the Civil Rights Movement, virtually no Asian ethnic group considered themselves part of a larger "Asian American" social group.
Rather, they identified solely based on their own national origins Chinese, Japanese, Korean, etc. Connections Between Assimilation and Ethnic Identity Because ethnic identity among second generation Asian Americans is inevitably tied to the process of assimilation, we should recognize the different forms of assimilation and how different factors can affect assimilation outcomes.
Among the most famous conceptions of assimilation is the distinction between behavioral assimilation otherwise known as "acculturation" and structural or socioeconomic assimilation. The second major type of assimilation, structural or socioeconomic assimilation, refers to when Asian Americans enter and become integrated into the formal social, political, economic, and cultural institutions of the host country -- i.
Alternatively, it can also refer to when they attain socioeconomic mobility and status usually in the form of income, occupation, residential integration, etc.
Or it can happen in a non-linear, circular, or "bumpy" manner in which Asian Americans revive or retain old cultural traditions, norms, and behaviors and choose to remain somewhat isolated from mainstream American society the "ethnic resilience" model or alternatively, to combine elements of both traditional Asian although they may modify old traditions and values to fit their contemporary circumstances and mainstream American culture sometimes referred to as "segmented assimilation".
One factor are racial differences. White immigrants who came to the U. But because they were White, they were eventually able to integrate into American society more quickly and easily than non-White immigrants and minorities.
The second factor is the structure of the economy. During times of economic prosperity, there are plenty of economic opportunities to go around for everyone. But in times of economic difficulties, there is more economic competition and therefore, more hostility toward minorities and immigrants who are frequently seen as economic threats.
The final reason why some immigrants assimilate faster than others is because of class differences. Some ethnic and immigrant groups on the whole have higher levels of education, job skills, and English proficiency than others. This in turn gives them specific advantages in achieving socioeconomic success faster than others by allowing them to get jobs that are higher-paying, more stable, and that offer higher status.
As a result, they are able to achieve socioeconomic mobility and success faster than other groups. For example, if child-parent relationship is strong and healthy, the child is more likely to take on the parent's identity, whatever that may be i.
Those who live within a cohesive ethnic community and who regularly participate in co-ethnic organizations and activities i.
Publisher of academic books and electronic media publishing for general interest and in a wide variety of fields. The number of Asian immigrants in the United States has increased exponentially over the last 50 years, and Asia is now the second-largest region of birth of U.S. immigrants. The growth of this population dates to the abolition in of national-origin quotas that barred immigration from Asia. "Brings together some of the most important scholarship in Asian American Studies. Contemporary Asian America is a superbly organized anthology, presenting topics ranging from immigration, family, and community to activism, identity, sexuality, race relations and heartoftexashop.com new research and updated materials on previously understudied Asian ethnic groups are most valuable.
In other words, socioeconomic success is not as important in determining ethnic identity as the level of social solidarity within the co-ethnic community.Asian American Net is an invaluable Internet resource for students, teachers, businessmen, and anyone interested in Asian American communities and Asian countries.
The Rise of Asian Americans Updated Edition, April 04, This new edition of our report on Asian Americans provides data on 14 smaller Asian origin groups with population counts below , in the Census, along with detailed data on the economic and demographic characteristics of adults in nine of these groups.
There are important parallels between European and Asian immigration history, especially in terms of how individuals responded to the "pushes" and "pulls" in their homelands and then faced contadictory experiences of discrimination and opportunity the U.S.
South Asian Network (SAN) is a grassroots, community based organization dedicated to advancing the health, empowerment and solidarity of persons of South Asian origin in Southern California. Immigration Roger Daniels Immigration and immigration policy have been an integral part of the American polity since the early years of the American Republic.
The Millennial Generation constitutes the most racially and ethnically diverse generation America has ever known. Millennials are the largest living generation by population size ( million in ) and are the generation with the largest number of individuals who identify as multiracial..
A recent study on millennial attitudes around immigration reveals interesting and sometimes.