Moscow and only properly made Emperor by Papal coronation, with all its expressed and implied conditions, not surprisingly was soon shown to be wielding a fatally compromised and fading form of power. In the treatment here, "Francia" will mean all of Europe that in the Mediaeval period was subject to the Roman Catholic Church, with its Latin liturgy, headed by the Popethe Bishop of Rome.
Waterloo Napoleon Bonaparte summary: Napoleon Bonaparte—Napoleon I, Emperor of France—was the greatest soldier of his age and ranks among the most renowned military leaders of all time.
The tactics he refined in the Napoleonic Wars heavily influenced European and American armies into the 21st century, but his legacy went beyond strictly military concerns. For nearly a quarter of a century his influence in politics, law, and military organization and tactics spread across most of Europe and parts of Africa and the MidEast.
The Napoleonic Code of laws did a great deal to standardize law across Europe and brought greater freedom to the peoples of the lands he conquered than they had previously known. Speed and shock were his primary weapons, and he coordinated the separate arms of infantry, cavalry and artillery effectively.
He organized his forces so that armies, corps and even divisions could go into battle and fight independently as needed. He chose skillful subordinates and then closely coordinated their efforts.
His chief of staff, Louis Alexandre Berthier, who was as much a master at handling logistics as Napoleon was a master of battlefield tactics, ably aided him. After years of successfully outmaneuvering and outfighting armies of several nations, he made the mistake of invading the vast stretches of Russia in Forced to abdicate, Napoleon was sentenced to exile on the island of Elba but escaped and returned to France in He attempted to resume his winning ways with a rapid strike to divide Anglo-Dutch and Prussian armies in Belgium in order to defeat them in detail, but he lost his final battle, south of Waterlooon June 15, Again forced to abdicate, he was exiled to the island of St.
Helena in the South Atlantic where he died in Part conquering megalomaniac, part revolutionary who brought greater freedoms to Europe as he expanded his empire, he left bloodshed and death in his wake but was dedicated to the advancement of France. He said of himself, "Power is my mistress. His family was minor nobility with no military tradition, but he read military history voraciously and after an early education in "gentleman subjects," he attended a military school in France.
Graduating at age 16, he became a second lieutenant in the artillery. When Corsica declared independence from France in he severed all ties with the island; he was henceforth a Frenchman, through and through.
During the French Revolution —many army officers fled the country, as they were also nobility. This opened up opportunities for military advancement based on merit rather than birth status.
The young Napoleon was handed such an opportunity during the siege of Toulon, a port city in southern France that had rebelled against the Parisians controlling the revolution.
The city had invited in British ships and turned command over to their officers. When the commander of the French artillery was wounded in September, Napoleon was named as his replacement.
He performed skillfully and played a vital role in the fall of the city on December 19, for which he was promoted to brigadier general. He always believed luck played a role in success, and Dame Fortune smiled upon him again in October When a Royalist revolt against the regime broke out in Paris, Napoleon squelched it with a "whiff of grapeshot" from a battery, killing and wounding hundreds and clearing the streets.
He was rewarded with command of the Army of Italy. Before leaving for his new position he married Josephine de Beauharnaiswhose husband had been guillotined during the Reign of Terror. A graceful, attractive woman six years his senior, she had social position that the Corsican hoped would open doors for him.
The passionate letters he wrote to her while on campaign indicated he was truly taken with her, and after he declared himself emperor inshe was crowned Empress Josephine; she served as ambassador and hostess and returned to the French court some of the ceremony it had known under the monarchy.
She was unable to produce a male heir for Napoleon, however, and he had their marriage annulled in He then married Marie-Louise of Austria but provided Josephine with a generous settlement and the two remained in close contact.
The following April they began soliciting allies for war against the republican government in Paris, which responded by declaring war on Austria. From on, France found itself embroiled in wars with most nations of Europe; thanks to a new policy of conscription, the republicans are able to raise several large armies, named for their areas of responsibility.Napoleon Bonaparte was the greatest general of his day, but he was more than a great warrior.
He was also a statesman concerned to make France a great and modern state, a dynast ambitious to make the Bonapartes the leading family in Europe, and a ruler whose influence was to mould the history of Europe at the outset of its most influential century.
Napoleon was born the same year the Republic of Genoa, a former commune of Italy, transferred Corsica to France.
The state sold sovereign rights a year before his birth in , and the island was conquered by France during the year of his birth and formally incorporated as a province in , after years under nominal Genoese rule and 14 years of independence.
History for Kids: The Illustrated Life of Napoleon Bonaparte - Kindle edition by Charles River Editors. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading History for Kids: The Illustrated Life of Napoleon Bonaparte.
The Battle of Waterloo, which took place in Belgium on June 18, , marked the final defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte, who conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century.
Robert Asprey completes his definitive, two-volume biography with an intimate, fast-paced look at Napoleon's daring reign and tragic demise with more of the personality and passion that marked the first volume of this cradle to the grave biography.
The military career of Napoleon Bonaparte spanned over 20 years. As emperor, he led the French Armies in the Napoleonic heartoftexashop.com is widely regarded as a military genius and one of the finest commanders in world history. He fought 60 battles, losing only eight, mostly at the end.
The great French dominion collapsed rapidly after the disastrous invasion of Russia in